Fine Chemicals in Agriculture
The farming industry has been around for thousands of years to grow crops, gown livestock and to produce food to be consumed. Farming is still today seen as one of the industries that will continue to grow with popular demand due to the increase in population across the world. With farming being such a pivotal industry, it is important all crops produced are of the highest quality. With crops requiring to be at the highest of quality for several thousands of years, many different people have used different chemicals to protect the yield of the crop. Agrochemicals were first introduced to protect crops from pests (insects, birds, mice, rats, bug etc.) and enhance crop yields. The most common types of agrochemicals include pesticides and fertilizers.
Due to the evolution of pests these fine chemicals and the protection levels begin to subside over time. Newer agrochemicals were being developed to counteract this problem. This being said fine chemicals in agriculture need to be manufactured correctly as these can have huge side-effects on the land as well as the crop they are there to protect. Agrochemicals over the years have become much more complex but also safer to use across the farmlands.
The benefits of having fine chemicals in agriculture is to protect and increase crop yields are very important to the food chain.
Some examples of chemicals that are used in pharmaceuticals are below:
These are chemicals that farmers add to help plants and crops to encourage growth and usually potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. The fertilisers can be either synthetic or organically made with materials such as manure and recycled waste.
These conditioners are added to the soil to help the soil hold onto the water and oxygen which enhances the crop growth. Oil conditioners that can be used include manure, compost and sewage sludge. The most common form is compost.
Pesticide Agrochemicals are used to ensure that pests do not damage crops. There are different types of pesticides used for certain pests, herbicides are usually used to kill weeds in the crop. Fungicides are able to be used to stop fungal diseases spreading and in turn killing the crop. Insecticides are used to kill insects including snails, slugs, rodents and birds.