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The best uses for different raw materials

different raw materials

The best uses for different raw materials

At Syntor, we provide a range of different services to support custom manufacturing projects. There are many different reaction tropes that we are capable of carrying out at our multi-purpose facilities. We have a wide range of experience which allows us to handle hazardous materials safely, and carry out even challenging processes to the highest quality. Some of the different raw materials that we use have many different functions.

 

1. Sodium

Sodium makes up many different compounds that you probably use in everyday life. Table salt, baking soda and borax are just three examples. Sodium is a different raw material that is used in the production of many other useful materials such as titanium, sodamide and sodium peroxide. Also, sodium vapor is used in streetlights as it produces a bright yellow light. Due to its high reactivity, sodium is hardly ever found alone in nature and must be handled with great care – here at Syntor, we take every precaution when handling reactive materials.

 

2. Hydrogen

Another one of the many different raw materials we use is hydrogen. Hydrogen can be used alone as an eco-friendly fuel, but is more popularly used to make ammonia for fertilizer. It is also involved in the production of plastics and pharmaceuticals, and can be utilized to remove sulfur from fuels during the oil-refining process. Due to it’s low density, it might even be inside those balloons you received on your birthday!

 

3. Magnesium

Another different raw material that we use here at Syntor is magnesium. It is popularly used to produce an alloy when paired with aluminum, as it improves the welding characteristics of the metal. It is added to molten iron and steel to remove sulfur, and is used to produce milk of magnesia, Epsom salts, chloride and citrate, all of which are used in medicine. In the chemical industry, grignard reactants are incredibly important, which are organic magnesium compounds.

 

4. Ammonia

Ammonia is an important raw material, and is probably one that you’ve already heard of from your GCSE science days! This different raw material is used in the production of fertilizers and certain cleaning fluids. It is also used in the manufacture of plastics, explosives, textiles, pesticides and dyes. It’s also a vital step in order for plants to be able to use nitrogen compounds. Ammonia is used in many different industries, for refrigeration and stabilization of different materials such as latex.

 

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What are intermediates and what do they do?

What are intermediates

What are intermediates and what do they do?

 

An intermediate is a molecule that is formed from two or more reactants and then reacts further to give products. Most chemical reactions require more than one step, and an intermediate is the product of each step, except for the last one, after which the final products are produced. Intermediates very rarely remain in the product mixture due to the short time that they exist. They are seldom isolated, and so usually end up reacting with other chemicals in the reaction to eventually produce the final products. An example of a chemical reaction would be A+B = C+D. In reality, the reaction is more likely to be something like this; A+B = X*, X* = C+D, in which X* is the intermediate. There can be a high number of intermediates in every reaction, and they’re sometimes difficult to identify due to how short-lived they are.

 

Intermediates are distinguishable from molecular vibrations, which are merely transitions, though they have similar lifetimes. Intermediates are short-lived and highly reactive, which is why they are usually in very low quantities in reaction mixtures. Of course, when describing intermediates, we need to take into account the reaction in which they are present. A short-lived species in one reaction might actually be considered stable in another. Intermediates are relatively short-lived compare to the other chemicals in the reactions. They often come in the forms of free radicals or unstable ions and sometimes must be produced at a very high temperature or pressure due to their high reactivity. In certain reactions, multiple steps are performed in one batch. Sometimes, it is unnecessary to isolate an intermediate for further reactions – other times, it’s impossible due to their high reactivity with other chemicals in the reaction mixture. It’s hard to isolate intermediates when their lifespan is so comparatively short. An example is the esterification of a diol, where a monoester is first produced, which then reacts to from a dioester.

 

An example of an intermediate in the chemical industry is cumene. The term intermediate in the chemical industry usually means a product of a reaction that is only beneficial when used as a precursor chemical for another industry. Cumene is made from benzene and propylene, and is then used to produce acetone. Cumene, without additional reactions, has very little value and no real use, which makes it an intermediate instead of a useful chemical product.

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production of fine chemicals

 production of fine chemicals

 

Technologies involved in the production of fine chemicals

Fine chemicals are rapidly becoming one of the front runners of the chemical industry in the UK – however, production can be difficult, as they can only be produced in limited quantities by multiple different steps, in batches. The production of fine chemicals involves a number of different technologies – the global production value of fine chemicals is close to $85 billion. Fine chemicals are single, pure chemicals substances which are produced in multi-purpose plants. They are produced in low quantities but have a relatively high cost. They are sold on specifications and have very specific applications.

 

Chemical synthesis

Chemical synthesis can either take place from petrochemical starting chemicals or natural product extracts. Petrochemicals are chemicals products derived from petroleum or obtained from fossil fuels such as coal. Some well-known examples of petrochemicals include ethylene, benzene and propylene. Natural product extracts can include a wide range of different products, usually found in plants.

 

Biotechnology

Biotechnology is a prominent technology in the production of fine chemicals. Fine chemical production involves three different areas of biotechnology – biocatalysis, biosynthesis and cell culture technology. Biocatalysis involves natural catalysts performing a chemical transformation on specifically organic compounds. Biosynthesis is a complex process in which substrates are converted into more complex products.

 

Extraction

During the production of fine chemicals, extraction of different products from animals or plants may be required. Isolation and purification will take place during this, usually for extraction of alkaloids, antibacterials and steroids. Natural products from organisms provide many fine chemical extracts needed for applications in the pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industries. Animal and plant by-products are a rich source of such materials, such as proteins, hormones and polysaccharides.

 

Hydrolysis

Hydrolysis of proteins takes place during the production of fine chemicals, in which proteins are broken down into their constituent amino acids. This is a fairly simple process, involving heat being applied to the protein with the presence of a catalyst for a long period of time. The reaction isolates the amino acids for use in the production of fine chemicals.

 

Despite these technologies being very important, mastering them does not give any specific competitive advantage. The production of fine chemicals can be carried out in multipurpose plants. Reaction-specific equipment, however, is readily available on the market, so utilising these technologies is not difficult, and could possibly save you some time overall. The installation of such equipment is relatively simple too.  

 

 

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Our featured products and their uses

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Some featured products and their uses

 

Tyramine Hydrochloride

 

– Tyramine its self is contained in many types of meat which have been aged, pickled, fermented, smoked or marinated. Tyramine is a naturally occurring trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine. Tyramine acts as a catecholamine releasing agent. It is unable to cross the blood-brain barrier, therefore, resulting in only non-psychoactive peripheral sympathomimetic effects following ingestion. A hypertensive crisis can result, however, from ingestion of tyramine-rich foods in conjunction with monoamine oxidase inhibitors. The appearance of this chemical is pale white to pale pink crystalline powder.

 

2-Methoxyphenothiazine

 

– Phenothiazine is an organic compound that has the formula S(C6H4)2NH and is related to the thiazine-class of heterocyclic compounds. It is used in chemical manufacturing as a stabiliser or inhibitor. It was used in the mid-20th century as an insecticide and anthelminthic for livestock and humans but was superseded by other compounds. The earliest derivative, methylene blue, was one of the first antimalarial drugs, and as of 2015 derivatives are under investigation as possible anti-infective drugs. It is a prototypical pharmaceutical lead structure in modern medicinal chemistry.

 

1,3-Dichloroacetone

 

– is an off-white to pale brown crystalline solid with a melting point of 38-45 degrees. It is prepped by the oxidation of dichlorohydrin with sodium dichromate. The health hazards and risks for this chemical are that it is flammable – 2nd degree and reactive – 1st degree. It may also be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through the skin. Contact may cause burns to skin and eyes. A fire may produce irritating or poisonous gases.  When heated to decomposition, it emits highly toxic fumes of chlorides. This material may burn but does not ignite readily.

 

Boron Trichloride

 

– Dimethyloctylamine Complex – this compounds formula is C10H23BCl3N and has a melting point of 25-28 degrees Celsius. Its appearance is colourless, light yellow or brown crystalline solid. This chemical is one of the numerous organo-metallic compounds for uses requiring non-aqueous solubilities such as recent solar energy and water treatment applications. Similar results can sometimes also be achieved with nanoparticles and by thin film deposition. Boron is a chemical element with symbol B and atomic number 5. It is a low-abundance element in the solar system and in the earth’s crust. Boron is concentrated on earth by the water solubility of its more common naturally occurring compounds, the borate minerals. The largest known boron deposits are in turkey, the largest producer of boron materials.

 

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Tyramine Hydrochloride
CAS No: 60-19-5

Tyramine Hydrochloride
CAS No: 60-19-5

 

Specifications

Parameter Value
Appearance Pale white to pale pink crystalline powder
Assay 99.0% minimum
Loss On Drying 0.5% maximum

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CAS No: 60-19-5

Synonyms: 4-(2-Aminoethyl)phenol hydrochloride, 4-Hydroxyphenethylamine hydrochloride, Tyrosamine hydrochloride; Tryptamine Hydrochloride

Syntor Fine Chemicals Ltd specialises in the development and supply of fine chemicals to the Pharmaceutical, Agrochemical, Aroma, Polymer and Electronic industries. Tyramine Hydrochloride (CAS No: 60-19-5 ) is an example of a Syntor developed product. This product is utilised in a range of applications. The majority of products are stocked in the UK for worldwide distribution.

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Methoxy Tyramine
CAS No: 55-81-2

Methoxy Tyramine
CAS No: 55-81-2

 

Specifications

Parameter Value
Appearance Clear colourless to pale yellow liquid
Assay 98.0% minimum
Water content 0.2% maximum

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CAS No: 55-81-2

Synonyms:  2-(4-Methoxyphenyl)ethylamine, 4-Methoxyphenethylamine

Syntor Fine Chemicals Ltd specialises in the development and supply of fine chemicals to the Pharmaceutical, Agrochemical, Aroma, Polymer and Electronic industries. Methoxy Tyramine (CAS No: 55-81-2 ) is an example of a Syntor developed product. This product is utilised in a range of applications. The majority of products are stocked in the UK for worldwide distribution.

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(2S-cis)-(+)-2,3-Dihydro-3-hydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,5-benzothiazepin-4(5H)-one
CAS No: 42399-49-5

(2S-cis)-(+)-2,3-Dihydro-3-hydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,5-benzothiazepin-4(5H)-one
CAS No: 42399-49-5

 

Specifications

Parameter Value
Appearance White to off-white powder
Assay 98.0% minimum
Melting Point 202-207°C
Water Content 0.5% maximum

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CAS No: 42399-49-5

Synonyms: Cis hydroxy lactam

Syntor Fine Chemicals Ltd specialises in the development and supply of fine chemicals to the Pharmaceutical, Agrochemical, Aroma, Polymer and Electronic industries. (2S-cis)-(+)-2,3-Dihydro-3-hydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,5-benzothiazepin-4(5H)-one (CAS No: 42399-49-5 ) is an example of a Syntor developed product. This product is utilised in a range of applications. The majority of products are stocked in the UK for worldwide distribution.

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Sodium Bis Trimethylsilylamide (solution in Tetrahydrofuran)
CAS No: 1070-89-9

Sodium Bis Trimethylsilylamide (solution in Tetrahydrofuran)
CAS No: 1070-89-9

 

Specifications

1M Solution

Parameter Value
Appearance Tan to golden liquid
Assay 0.95-1.05 mol/L
Specific gravity @ 25°C Approx. 0.90 g/ml

 

2M Solution

Parameter Value
Appearance Yellow to brown liquid
Assay 1.95-2.05 mol/L
Specific gravity @ 25°C Approx. 0.91 g/ml

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CAS No: 1070-89-9

 

CAS No: 1070-89-9

Synonyms: 1,1,1,3,3,3-Hexamethyldisilazane sodium salt, Bis-(trimethylsilyl)-amide sodium salt, N-Sodiohexamethyldisilazane, Sodium hexamethyldisilazane

Syntor Fine Chemicals Ltd specialises in the development and supply of fine chemicals to the Pharmaceutical, Agrochemical, Aroma, Polymer and Electronic industries. Sodium Bis Trimethylsilylamide (solution in Tetrahydrofuran) (CAS No: 1070-89-9) is an example of a Syntor developed product. This product is utilised in a range of applications.
The majority of products are stocked in the UK for worldwide distribution
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Boron Trichloride – Dimethyloctylamine Complex (BCl3:DMOA)
CAS No: 34762-90-8

Boron Trichloride – Dimethyloctylamine Complex
(BCl3:DMOA)
CAS No: 34762-90-8

 

Specifications

Parameter Value
Appearance Yellow to light brown fused waxy solid
Melting Point Range 26-35°C
Water Content 0.2% maximum

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CAS No: 34762-90-8

Synonyms: Boron trichloride compound with octyldimethylamine

Syntor Fine Chemicals Ltd specialises in the development and supply of fine chemicals to the Pharmaceutical, Agrochemical, Aroma, Polymer and Electronic industries. Boron Trichloride – Dimethyloctylamine Complex
(BCl3:DMOA)
(CAS No: 34762-90-8 ) is an example of a Syntor developed product. This product is utilised in a range of applications.
The majority of products are stocked in the UK for worldwide distribution
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1-(3-Chloropropyl)-4-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine hydrochloride
CAS No: 52605-52-4

1-(3-Chloropropyl)-4-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine hydrochloride
CAS No: 52605-52-4

 

Specifications

Parameter Value
Appearance White to off-white crystalline solid
Assay 97.0% minimum
Melting point range 199-203°C

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52605-52-4

 

CAS No: 52605-52-4

Syntor Fine Chemicals Ltd specialises in the development and supply of fine chemicals to the Pharmaceutical, Agrochemical, Aroma, Polymer and Electronic industries. 1-(3-Chloropropyl)-4-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine hydrochloride (CAS No:52605-52-4) is an example of a Syntor developed product. This product is utilised in a range of applications.
The majority of products are stocked in the UK for worldwide distribution
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