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Fine Chemicals in Agriculture

Fine Chemicals in Agriculture

Fine Chemicals in Agriculture

The farming industry has been around for thousands of years to grow crops, gown livestock and to produce food to be consumed. Farming is still today seen as one of the industries that will continue to grow with popular demand due to the increase in population across the world. With farming being such a pivotal industry, it is important all crops produced are of the highest quality. With crops requiring to be at the highest of quality for several thousands of years, many different people have used different chemicals to protect the yield of the crop. Agrochemicals were first introduced to protect crops from pests (insects, birds, mice, rats, bug etc.) and enhance crop yields. The most common types of agrochemicals include pesticides and fertilizers.

Due to the evolution of pests these fine chemicals and the protection levels begin to subside over time. Newer agrochemicals were being developed to counteract this problem. This being said fine chemicals in agriculture need to be manufactured correctly as these can have huge side-effects on the land as well as the crop they are there to protect. Agrochemicals over the years have become much more complex but also safer to use across the farmlands.

The benefits of having fine chemicals in agriculture is to protect and increase crop yields are very important to the food chain.


Some examples of chemicals that are used in pharmaceuticals are below:



These are chemicals that farmers add to help plants and crops to encourage growth and usually potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. The fertilisers can be either synthetic or organically made with materials such as manure and recycled waste.

Soil conditioner

These conditioners are added to the soil to help the soil hold onto the water and oxygen which enhances the crop growth. Oil conditioners that can be used include manure, compost and sewage sludge. The most common form is compost.


Pesticide Agrochemicals are used to ensure that pests do not damage crops. There are different types of pesticides used for certain pests, herbicides are usually used to kill weeds in the crop. Fungicides are able to be used to stop fungal diseases spreading and in turn killing the crop. Insecticides are used to kill insects including snails, slugs, rodents and birds.


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Pharmaceuticals and Fine Chemicals

Pharmaceuticals and Fine Chemicals

Pharmaceuticals and Fine Chemicals

One of the biggest industries in the world currently is the pharmaceutical industry which focuses on the medical and drugs used to treat, diagnose and prevent diseases from becoming an epidemic. With the pharmaceutical industry being one of the biggest and most important roles, this industry requires a steady supply of fine chemicals to allow for the development of products and applications to allow this industry to grow.


What would happen without fine chemicals?

Fine chemicals in the pharmaceutical industry have an important role. With companies such as us, Syntor Fine chemicals industries like this would suffer hugely, Without the ability for medical developed drugs being researched and used, many of the over counter medicines we take for granted on a day to day basis would not have been developed. Without the use of fine chemicals, pharmaceutical companies would be unable to future proof our health and develop medicines that will help us in the future.

Every pharmaceutical production process has unique, proprietary requirements that must be satisfied to protect patient outcomes while maximizing manufacturing quality and efficiency.


Some examples of chemicals that are used in pharmaceuticals are below:


Sugars that might be included medication plans are whether the normal sugar or manufactured sugar. The instances of common sugars are mannitol, lactose, sucrose, and dextrose. In the interim, the engineered sugars that might be included pharmaceutical industry are saccharine, cyclamate, and aspartame.


Additives are regular or engineered synthetic compounds that are added to different items so as to help keep the microbial deterioration. Conservation is a procedure of counteracting or repressing the microbial development. In the pharmaceutical business, conservation is generally done by adding additives to a medication item, with the fundamental reason for limiting microbial development, (for example, in oral, topical, and so forth readiness), or can likewise diminish microbial development, (for example, clean arrangements like infusion arrangements).


Cell reinforcements are one of the extra fixings usually added to pharmaceutical arrangements to enhance the physical and synthetic soundness of medication items. Cell reinforcements are added to limit the oxidative procedures that happen in a few medications or excipients that are presented to oxygen or within the sight of free radicals.


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Mastering the art of custom toll manufacturing

Mastering the art of custom toll manufacturing

Syntor Fine Chemicals offers a versatile toll manufacturing service. Custom toll manufacturing is a heavily involved process looking into the manufacture of chemical products with special needs.

These products created via toll manufacturing are used in a variety of different products around the world for a number of different reasons. Some of the reasons companies’ want customer toll manufacturing are because it’s an on-demand service, it’s cost effective and it’s a huge time saver.


Types of toll manufacturing

There are two types of manufacturing in chemicals, custom toll manufacturing and contract manufacturing. These two types of manufacture are similar in nature in how they live in the supply chain, even so, they can often be mistaken or confused for each other.


Toll manufacturing

Whilst both of these types of manufacturing have similar characteristics, toll manufacturing has the main advantage in being able to provide customers with valuable ways to save both time and also money on a product line development and production of the product.


Contract manufacturing

In many ways, both toll and contract manufacturing are similar to streaming services such as Netflix, Spotify and Tidal. They allow Sierra Coating to provide laminating or coating services on demand and as needed, as part of a “sharing economy” model that is beneficial for both the customer and the manufacturer.

If you want to learn more about these processes or you are looking for a supplier of such services please get in touch, here.


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The process of finding New Fine Chemicals

Finding new fine chemicals is a vigorously long process and shouldn’t be taken lightly. In order to get new chemicals prepared for their use, they must go through a lot of testing to ensure that they do what they are supposed to and won’t have any problems. This is so important because if any stage is wrong then the whole chemical could collapse and if it is being designed for human consumption, it could have detrimental effects on the person!

There are four main steps in the process of finding new fine chemicals which are outlined briefly below. For extended information on the processes please visit our website which can be found at the bottom of this article!

Target identification

This stage is the part where scientists would identify a target for potential therapy. This could be anything from a new drug for Cancer to an antibacterial hand gel. The first step is very vast and purely just a brainstorming process.

Lead identification

This stage is identifying the chemical that could help to combat what target has been identified in the first stage. If they had identified Cancer as a disease to target they would be looking at what fine chemical could combat this and help the people that suffer from it.

Lead optimization

This is the stage where scientists try and find compounds similar to the chemicals that they already know work so that they can see if these new chemical compounds will be a better way to cure what they are trying to cure.

Candidate drug nomination

This stage is where the scientists developing the new fine chemical will test the drug to see if it has the correct properties to react with a disease and won’t be harmful for human consumption. This is very important as they need to ensure that the drug is regulated and will work properly.

Once the new fine chemicals have been processed they should be ready to be used, however, this is just a brief insight into the new fine chemical process. Often new fine chemicals within drugs are tested in medical testing centres where people are paid money to test new drugs to see if they actually work.

If you would like more information on new fine chemicals and their manufacturing process visit us here.


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Everyday products that have chemicals in them

Many chemical engineers develop the fast moving consumer goods market in various ways by developing everyday chemical products that people use in their daily routine. Often not realised, the products that people use on a daily basis actually go through a rigorous process in order to be fit for human use. Chemical products can be found in a lot of your everyday supplies such as toothpaste, hair gel and even toilet paper!

Hair products contain various polymers that help keep your hair in place throughout a long day. The more chemical products added, the stronger the hair product is, therefore, this is why some hair products can cost so much as so chemical engineering has gone into this one product!

Toothpaste, another everyday product that contains lots of chemical products! Toothpaste is engineered with chemical products to keep teeth healthy, clean and even some whiten! The same goes with toothpaste as it does hair product, the more chemical engineering the more it costs. This is why toothpaste brands such as Colgate and Sensodyne cost more than supermarket own brands, as more chemical products have gone into them which obviously delivers a better all-around clean for your teeth!

Toilet paper is another everyday product that goes through some intense chemical products. If the paper is made straight from wood then chemical products are required to break down the wood into usable fibres for the toilet paper. The same process is required if coming from recycled materials however this will be a case of making sure the old materials are properly recycled which requires chemical products!

As you can see chemical products are used in near enough everything that you use on a day to day basis! It makes you wonder, how could we live without these chemical products in our lives! It’s amazing how much processing goes into these everyday products just so that you can stay hygienic in terms of products such as soap and shampoos and also for grooming purposes such as shaving gels and hairsprays!

For more information on chemical products in the fast-moving consumer market why not visit us and we can perhaps show you a little more insight into the wonderful world of fine chemical products in various industries!

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What are Fine Chemical Products? Why do we need them?

Syntor Fine Chemicals specialises in the development of a range of sectors for fine and speciality chemicals. Syntor provides the most cost-effective solutions and offers short delivery times for all orders.

Fine Chemical Products

Syntor has a range of Pharmaceutical, Agrochemicals and Fine Chemical products. Fine chemicals are small-batch, high-value products that are useful because of their molecular properties. In the development of modern pharmaceuticals fine chemicals began to develop and since then the pharmaceuticals industry has grown rapidly. Tyramine Hydrochloride is the main chemical offered by Syntor. Tyramine is contained in many types of aged, fermented, or smoked meat. It is a naturally occurring trace amine, it acts as a catecholamine releasing agent. Methoxy phenothiazine is another major chemical offered which is an organic compound. Boron Trichloride is one of the organo-metallic compounds for uses requiring non-aqueous solubility.

Why are fine chemicals important?

Fine chemicals are substances prepared to a very high degree of purity and are often used in research and industry. The extraction of the chemicals comes straight from the plant and involves a complex process with multiple stages.

Uses of fine chemicals

Pharmaceutical drugs are used to prevent diseases and cure illnesses. Fine chemicals can be used in pharmaceutical drugs such as Hydrogen. Fine chemicals are also important in the food industry and can be used to preserve food. Many food products contain fine chemicals in their ingredients such as vinegar, butter etc. Agrochemicals are also used to protect crops from pests and help to increase crop yields. Fine chemicals are used in the pesticides on the farms to encourage growth and deter pests.

Future of fine chemicals

The outsourcing of fine chemicals is on the rise as the demand for pharmaceutical drugs, food products and agrochemicals grows high. Fine chemicals are extremely important due to their use in everyday products such as household cleaning products. The demand for fine chemicals will only increase as the modern pharmaceutical industry and food industry grows.


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Why are fine chemicals important?

Why are fine chemicals important?


What are they?

Fine chemicals are chemical substances prepared to a very high degree of purity. They can be used in research and industry. The extraction of raw materials from plants is done in numerous steps. Firstly the plant is crushed in order to break open the plant material. It is then boiled and dissolved in a suitable solvent. Finally, chromatography takes place in order to separate the different chemicals in the plant. Aside from plant extraction, fine chemicals can also be extracted synthetically. Visit our other blog ‘Syntor Fine Chemicals – What are Fine Chemicals?’ for further information on fine chemicals.


Uses of fine chemicals


Pharmaceutical drugs

Pharmaceutical drugs are used to diagnose, cure and treat illnesses. They are also used to prevent diseases. One of the reasons why fine chemicals are important is the role that they play in the production of pharmaceutical drugs. For example, Hydrogen is a raw material which is commonly used in pharmaceuticals.



Fine chemicals such as acid chlorides are also important in the food industry because they can be used as preservatives in human and animal foods. An example of an acid chloride which is used in preservatives is Propanoic acid, which is a clear liquid notable for its unpleasant smell. Food products such as vinegar also contain acid chlorides in the ingredients. Ethanoic acid is a liquid form of acid chlorides and is the main component that makes up vinegar. Butaonic acids are found in some dairy products such as butter and milk.



Agrochemicals are used specifically to enhance agricultural benefits by protecting crops from pests and increasing crop yields. For example, fine chemicals are used in pesticides which make them very important for the agricultural industry.


The future of fine chemicals

Due to the lower labour costs in Asia compared to Europe, there is going to be an increasing shift towards chemicals being outsourced to Asia. The demand for pharmaceutical drugs, food products and agrochemicals will continue therefore so will the production of fine chemicals. Fine chemicals are also important because they are used in every-day products such as photographic film, wood glue and household cleaning products. If you would like to find out any further information about fine chemicals, or what role we play in the production of fine chemicals, then contact us via our website.

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Membrane technology in the fine chemicals industry

Membrane technology

Membrane technology in the fine chemicals industry

The fine chemicals industry is responsible for the production of pigments, dyes, coatings, flavouring and fragrances, things that we use constantly in our everyday lives. Fine chemicals are produced in small quantities, but they have a wide range of purposes and uses, so are often difficult to define. The chemical industry as a whole represents the largest sector of the membranes market, with fine chemicals taking up around a quarter of this sector. Membrane technology is very important in the fine chemicals industry – it’s used for the production of process water, filtration of the fine chemicals themselves and treatment of effluent.

Process waters are an important part of the production process for fine chemicals. The types of process water used in the fine chemicals industry can vary considerably, mainly because there’s such a huge range of fine chemicals that can be produced. Process waters have a lot of different specifications that have to be followed for different fine chemicals, such as microbe content, silica levels and carbon levels. Membrane technology has an important role to play in producing these process waters – membranes are often used for pre-treatment, sometimes for processes like reverse osmosis.

Membrane technology is also used for direct filtration in the fine chemicals industry. The membranes can be used to separate the fine chemicals and ensure their purity. These chemicals are purified in medium-sized facilities, in which membranes remove contaminants from the fine chemical products, ready for use. Some facilities prefer the use of filters instead of membranes, as they are more suitable in certain situations.

The fine chemicals industry also carries out treatment of effluent. The production of fine chemicals often produces a lot of waste, which is then treated using membrane technology. This is probably the most extensive application of membrane technology in the whole industry. First, effluent is fed into a bioreactor tank where microbes can respire, producing organics. Conditions within the bioreactor are constantly monitored, and some of the waste is removed periodically to keep concentration levels at the optimum. Membranes are used to separate larger molecules from smaller particles, to produce effluent that is free from any bacteria or solids.

Membrane technology is important in the fine chemicals industry, for many different processes. It helps to produce process water which then dilutes agrochemicals, for filtration and separation of fine chemicals to purify them for use, and for the treatment of effluent to remove bacteria and solids from the waste products. Membrane technology is useful and diverse, and plays an important role in the production of fine chemicals.

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The history of petrochemicals


The history of petrochemicals

Petrochemicals are chemicals products that are produced from petroleum. These chemicals can be split into the two most common classes – olefins, which include ethylene and propylene, and aromatics, which include benzene and toluene. Both classes are produced in oil refineries across the UK by fluid catalytic cracking – olefins can also be produced in chemicals plants by steam cracking, and aromatics are produced by catalytic reforming of naphtha. Both classic of chemicals provide the building blocks for many materials such as solvents, detergents, adhesives, plastics and lubricants materials, and so are extremely useful in day to day life.

These petrochemicals are predominantly produced in a few manufacturing locations are the world. The most prominent producers of petrochemicals include Jubail and Yanbu in Saudi Arabia, Texas and Louisiana in the USA, Teeside in the UK, Rotterdam in the Netherlands and Jamnagar and Dahej in India. The abundance of locations prove that petrochemicals are not only a huge portions of the global chemical industry but, at least for now, are here to stay.

The earliest usage of petrochemicals can actually be dates back to ancient Egypt. The substances that we know as ethylene and polyethylene were produced by ancient Egyptians by using gas and fig plants. Also, bitumen was found as one of the materials used in building the pyramids and in the embalming process that was so popular at the time. These three chemicals can all be derived from petroleum today.

The first chemicals to be made from petroleum, however, were produced in 1872. Carbon black was produced by the partial combustion of natural gas, and was used in the production of synthetic rubber. Fast forward around 50 years and the petrochemical industry was born, when the Standard Oil Company plant was opened in New Jersey, USA which produced propylene. Nowadays, petrochemicals represent the majority of all chemicals that are shipped between continents and accounts for around 40% of the global chemicals market. About 5% of the world’s annual oil supply is utilised to make petrochemicals, so it’s clear that they’re a huge part of today’s chemical industry. To say the petrochemicals industry has come on leaps and bounds since its conception is a huge understatement. From traces of ethylene and bitumen found in Egypt to today’s abundance of different products and uses, the petrochemical industry has come a long way, and will most likely continue to develop and adapt as renewable resources begin to compete.

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Everything you need to know about toll manufacturing

toll manufacturing

Everything you need to know about toll manufacturing


Toll manufacturing can be simply defined as an arrangement, where a company with specialised equipment processes raw materials or unfinished goods for a different company. If you haven’t heard of this before, you might have come across toll processing, which is the exact same thing, only a different name. It’s also important to note that, although contract manufacturing has some similarities to toll manufacturing, they are different things. In contract manufacturing, the manufacturing company also provides the materials, whereas in toll manufacturing, that’s the customers job. There are a few things you’ll need to know about this process before you agree to an arrangement.


1. It’s an on-demand service


In a strange and unprecedented way, toll manufacturing is actually akin to other on-demand services like Netflix. This manufacturing allows companies to offer their services on-demand and at all times, as part of an arrangement that is beneficial for both the customer and the manufacturer. It’s a great way to build up contacts, too – if you’re start up company, and have some raw materials or unfinished products that require specific machinery, then entering into a toll manufacturing arrangement can both help you finish those products and build a relationship with another company.


2. It’s cost-effective


Toll manufacturing is very cost-effective for customers. It allows them to keep the cost at just manufacturing, without having to factor in equipment costs, facility costs and employee salaries. The customer is equipped with everything it needs to manufacture, without having to pay anywhere near what they would if the equipment was theirs. If you don’t want to bankrupt yourself by paying for extra equipment, toll manufacturing could help you out. It’s a win-win situation, as the manufacturing company receives this payment and can put this towards anything they like.


3. It’s a time saver


Toll manufacturing agreements can save your company a lot of time. Getting your product on the market can be a lengthy process, especially if you’re trying to acquire the equipment and extra employees required to do so. Time for ordering and installing new machinery is taken care of, as the machinery you need is already set up and waiting at another company. Toll manufacturing can help you to get your products on the market as quick as possible, which may be especially helpful if products are in high demand and out of stock.

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The best uses for different raw materials

different raw materials

The best uses for different raw materials

At Syntor, we provide a range of different services to support custom manufacturing projects. There are many different reaction tropes that we are capable of carrying out at our multi-purpose facilities. We have a wide range of experience which allows us to handle hazardous materials safely, and carry out even challenging processes to the highest quality. Some of the different raw materials that we use have many different functions.


1. Sodium

Sodium makes up many different compounds that you probably use in everyday life. Table salt, baking soda and borax are just three examples. Sodium is a different raw material that is used in the production of many other useful materials such as titanium, sodamide and sodium peroxide. Also, sodium vapor is used in streetlights as it produces a bright yellow light. Due to its high reactivity, sodium is hardly ever found alone in nature and must be handled with great care – here at Syntor, we take every precaution when handling reactive materials.


2. Hydrogen

Another one of the many different raw materials we use is hydrogen. Hydrogen can be used alone as an eco-friendly fuel, but is more popularly used to make ammonia for fertilizer. It is also involved in the production of plastics and pharmaceuticals, and can be utilized to remove sulfur from fuels during the oil-refining process. Due to it’s low density, it might even be inside those balloons you received on your birthday!


3. Magnesium

Another different raw material that we use here at Syntor is magnesium. It is popularly used to produce an alloy when paired with aluminum, as it improves the welding characteristics of the metal. It is added to molten iron and steel to remove sulfur, and is used to produce milk of magnesia, Epsom salts, chloride and citrate, all of which are used in medicine. In the chemical industry, grignard reactants are incredibly important, which are organic magnesium compounds.


4. Ammonia

Ammonia is an important raw material, and is probably one that you’ve already heard of from your GCSE science days! This different raw material is used in the production of fertilizers and certain cleaning fluids. It is also used in the manufacture of plastics, explosives, textiles, pesticides and dyes. It’s also a vital step in order for plants to be able to use nitrogen compounds. Ammonia is used in many different industries, for refrigeration and stabilization of different materials such as latex.


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What are intermediates and what do they do?

What are intermediates

What are intermediates and what do they do?


An intermediate is a molecule that is formed from two or more reactants and then reacts further to give products. Most chemical reactions require more than one step, and an intermediate is the product of each step, except for the last one, after which the final products are produced. Intermediates very rarely remain in the product mixture due to the short time that they exist. They are seldom isolated, and so usually end up reacting with other chemicals in the reaction to eventually produce the final products. An example of a chemical reaction would be A+B = C+D. In reality, the reaction is more likely to be something like this; A+B = X*, X* = C+D, in which X* is the intermediate. There can be a high number of intermediates in every reaction, and they’re sometimes difficult to identify due to how short-lived they are.


Intermediates are distinguishable from molecular vibrations, which are merely transitions, though they have similar lifetimes. Intermediates are short-lived and highly reactive, which is why they are usually in very low quantities in reaction mixtures. Of course, when describing intermediates, we need to take into account the reaction in which they are present. A short-lived species in one reaction might actually be considered stable in another. Intermediates are relatively short-lived compare to the other chemicals in the reactions. They often come in the forms of free radicals or unstable ions and sometimes must be produced at a very high temperature or pressure due to their high reactivity. In certain reactions, multiple steps are performed in one batch. Sometimes, it is unnecessary to isolate an intermediate for further reactions – other times, it’s impossible due to their high reactivity with other chemicals in the reaction mixture. It’s hard to isolate intermediates when their lifespan is so comparatively short. An example is the esterification of a diol, where a monoester is first produced, which then reacts to from a dioester.


An example of an intermediate in the chemical industry is cumene. The term intermediate in the chemical industry usually means a product of a reaction that is only beneficial when used as a precursor chemical for another industry. Cumene is made from benzene and propylene, and is then used to produce acetone. Cumene, without additional reactions, has very little value and no real use, which makes it an intermediate instead of a useful chemical product.

For more information on what we can do for you, click here!

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Bulk Chemicals vs Fine Chemicals

bulk chemicals in storage

Bulk Chemicals VS Fine Chemicals


The chemical industry can be simplified into two main parts – fine chemicals, which are pure and complex, and bulk chemicals, which are made in huge quantities. Fine chemicals provide the means for things like drugs, fragrances, and additives in food. Some examples of bulk chemicals are ammonia, sulfuric acid, and sodium hydroxide, which are all made at large chemical plants via a variety of different processes. There are significant differences between the two front runners of the chemical industry.


Bulk chemicals


These are chemicals that are made on a very large scale in order to satisfy global markets – which is why they are sometimes referred to as commodity chemicals. Organic chemicals are produced by organic synthesis, which has many different steps and processes involved. Both inorganic and organic bulk chemicals are manufactured in continuous process chemicals plants as opposed to batch manufacturing chemical plants (which is how fine chemicals are produced). In the UK specifically, there are 4 main chemical plants that produced most of the country’s bulk chemicals – near the River Mersey, on the East coast of Yorkshire, in Grangemouth and in Teesside. The basic manufacturing goal of bulk chemical plants is to produce bulk chemicals on a large enough scale that costs are kept as low as possible, to make the maximum amount of profit. Some notable examples of these chemicals acetone, acrylic acid, biodiesel, castor oil, glycerine, and white spirit.


Fine chemicals


Fine chemicals, as opposed to bulk chemicals, can only be manufactured in small, limited quantities in plants by batch or biotechnological manufacturing processes. There are, however, many small and complicated steps in the making of fine chemicals – like chemical synthesis, biotechnology, extraction, and hydrolysis. These chemicals were conceived in the 1970s, and have since become an important part of the chemical industry in the UK. The products, while extremely useful, usually have to be combined with other chemicals and substances in order to reach their full potential. Generally, they provide the building blocks for many different products that no doubt you use every single day. Some examples of these include pharmaceuticals, biocides, fragrances, additives, and pigments. Fine chemicals, to sum up, have to be combined with other substances to create these products. They are much more expensive to produce than bulk chemicals, due to their complex and changing the chemistry. Both bulk chemicals and fine chemicals are vital to the chemical industry, and provide us with everyday items and products that we don’t necessarily notice, but would definitely miss.

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storing chemicals safely


Storing Chemicals Safely

Knowing the correct practices in storing chemicals safely will help to avoid potentially dangerous or even fatal incidents in the laboratory or workplace. Chemicals, especially those that are hazardous when in contact with skin or eyes, or when paired with another chemical, should be labelled clearly, kept in small quantities and only stored with compatible chemicals that offer low risk of any reaction.


Labelling is an crucial aspect of storing chemicals safely – all chemicals must be labelled clearly with both the name and chemical symbol, and any hazard warnings that apply (for example – corrosive, flammable, toxic, etc).


It is essential when storing chemicals safely that their compatibility with one another is considered. A chemical may be completely stable alone, or when paired with a compatible chemical – however, it may react with a different chemical and cause a danger to those around it.


Keeping chemicals in large quantities is unadvisable. Should an accident occur, there should be limited amounts of hazardous material that could harm workers or lab occupants – if there is a large quantity, there is a higher risk of injury.

Stock control

Keeping a close eye on your stock is essential. Storing chemicals safely involves disposing of time sensitive chemicals that expire, and disposing of surplus or unwanted stock that is simply taking up too much space. Keeping an up to date record of the stock will ensure that, should an accident occur, you have adequate knowledge on how to handle it.


Storing chemicals safely can come down to the container in which they are kept. Breakable containers should be avoided where possible – if their use is unavoidable, then they should be stored on a low shelf, below shoulder height. Storing plastic containers above shoulder height is fine, as long as there is sufficient access without threatening the integrity of the rest of the chemicals nearby.


Shelving should be kept as low down as possible, so that workers do not need to use benches or lab chairs in order to reach chemicals. Doing so can increase the risk of falling, and potential damage to containers. Chemicals which are used less frequently should be kept on higher/more inconvenient to reach shelves.


In order to store chemicals as safely as possible, clutter should be kept to a minimum. Not only does this allow for easier retrieval or locating of chemicals, it avoids any confusion in the workplace. Keeping mess to a minimum will also decrease the risk of trips.


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production of fine chemicals

 production of fine chemicals


Technologies involved in the production of fine chemicals

Fine chemicals are rapidly becoming one of the front runners of the chemical industry in the UK – however, production can be difficult, as they can only be produced in limited quantities by multiple different steps, in batches. The production of fine chemicals involves a number of different technologies – the global production value of fine chemicals is close to $85 billion. Fine chemicals are single, pure chemicals substances which are produced in multi-purpose plants. They are produced in low quantities but have a relatively high cost. They are sold on specifications and have very specific applications.


Chemical synthesis

Chemical synthesis can either take place from petrochemical starting chemicals or natural product extracts. Petrochemicals are chemicals products derived from petroleum or obtained from fossil fuels such as coal. Some well-known examples of petrochemicals include ethylene, benzene and propylene. Natural product extracts can include a wide range of different products, usually found in plants.



Biotechnology is a prominent technology in the production of fine chemicals. Fine chemical production involves three different areas of biotechnology – biocatalysis, biosynthesis and cell culture technology. Biocatalysis involves natural catalysts performing a chemical transformation on specifically organic compounds. Biosynthesis is a complex process in which substrates are converted into more complex products.



During the production of fine chemicals, extraction of different products from animals or plants may be required. Isolation and purification will take place during this, usually for extraction of alkaloids, antibacterials and steroids. Natural products from organisms provide many fine chemical extracts needed for applications in the pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industries. Animal and plant by-products are a rich source of such materials, such as proteins, hormones and polysaccharides.



Hydrolysis of proteins takes place during the production of fine chemicals, in which proteins are broken down into their constituent amino acids. This is a fairly simple process, involving heat being applied to the protein with the presence of a catalyst for a long period of time. The reaction isolates the amino acids for use in the production of fine chemicals.


Despite these technologies being very important, mastering them does not give any specific competitive advantage. The production of fine chemicals can be carried out in multipurpose plants. Reaction-specific equipment, however, is readily available on the market, so utilising these technologies is not difficult, and could possibly save you some time overall. The installation of such equipment is relatively simple too.  



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Our featured products and their uses


Some featured products and their uses


Tyramine Hydrochloride


– Tyramine its self is contained in many types of meat which have been aged, pickled, fermented, smoked or marinated. Tyramine is a naturally occurring trace amine derived from the amino acid tyrosine. Tyramine acts as a catecholamine releasing agent. It is unable to cross the blood-brain barrier, therefore, resulting in only non-psychoactive peripheral sympathomimetic effects following ingestion. A hypertensive crisis can result, however, from ingestion of tyramine-rich foods in conjunction with monoamine oxidase inhibitors. The appearance of this chemical is pale white to pale pink crystalline powder.




– Phenothiazine is an organic compound that has the formula S(C6H4)2NH and is related to the thiazine-class of heterocyclic compounds. It is used in chemical manufacturing as a stabiliser or inhibitor. It was used in the mid-20th century as an insecticide and anthelminthic for livestock and humans but was superseded by other compounds. The earliest derivative, methylene blue, was one of the first antimalarial drugs, and as of 2015 derivatives are under investigation as possible anti-infective drugs. It is a prototypical pharmaceutical lead structure in modern medicinal chemistry.




– is an off-white to pale brown crystalline solid with a melting point of 38-45 degrees. It is prepped by the oxidation of dichlorohydrin with sodium dichromate. The health hazards and risks for this chemical are that it is flammable – 2nd degree and reactive – 1st degree. It may also be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through the skin. Contact may cause burns to skin and eyes. A fire may produce irritating or poisonous gases.  When heated to decomposition, it emits highly toxic fumes of chlorides. This material may burn but does not ignite readily.


Boron Trichloride


– Dimethyloctylamine Complex – this compounds formula is C10H23BCl3N and has a melting point of 25-28 degrees Celsius. Its appearance is colourless, light yellow or brown crystalline solid. This chemical is one of the numerous organo-metallic compounds for uses requiring non-aqueous solubilities such as recent solar energy and water treatment applications. Similar results can sometimes also be achieved with nanoparticles and by thin film deposition. Boron is a chemical element with symbol B and atomic number 5. It is a low-abundance element in the solar system and in the earth’s crust. Boron is concentrated on earth by the water solubility of its more common naturally occurring compounds, the borate minerals. The largest known boron deposits are in turkey, the largest producer of boron materials.


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The History of Fine Chemicals UK

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The history of fine chemicals UK


Fine chemicals are defined as small-batch, high-value products that are useful based on their molecular properties, and are purchased for specific functions like perfumes and pharmaceuticals. Due to their properties, they have a very interesting history and origins story – fine chemicals date back to the late 1800s when modern pharmaceuticals were beginning to develop. Initially, the chemicals industry consisted of explosives and dyestuffs, and pharmaceuticals were not something that was regularly thought about – obviously, since then, the pharmaceuticals industry has grown exponentially, and therefore so has the demand for fine chemicals UK.


During World War I, a monumental amount of change in the chemicals UK sector was sparked, and there was a sharp spike in demand for chemicals all over the globe. There was an intense period of growth and innovation, and many new chemicals were being made and discovered. The UK put its effort into state-run companies, and the modern fine chemicals UK industry was born.


World War II saw a huge boom in research, with many chemicals companies opening new research centres and laboratories, for research into chemicals and drug production. After the war, the basis of the modern pharmaceutical and agricultural chemical industry was set, and the industry was eventually split into the sectors of commodity chemicals, speciality chemicals and fine chemicals. The fine chemicals UK sector was recognised at this point in time mainly due to the success of the histamine receptor antagonists Tagamet and Zantac, which created a widespread demand for organic chemicals used in the manufacturing.

The beginning of the fine chemicals UK industry is usually accredited to a supply contract between Smith Kline & French, and Glaxo, both popular chemical companies (which many will now know as GlaxoSmithKline) that signed the document in the 1970s. Following this contract, pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals grew in complexity and demand. This introduced a different mode of production by using multipurpose plants.


The introduction of biopharmaceuticals created, even more, demand for fine chemicals UK, and fine chemicals were used more and more as the active ingredients of both drugs and agrochemicals.


In more recent history, fine chemicals UK have been viewed as the glamour sector of the chemical industry – however, they have a lot more potential that just the production of soap or paint. The fine chemicals of today are high tech materials, made in clean batch processes, which are the building blocks of some cancer drugs.


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Pharmaceutical Chemicals

Pharmaceutical chemicals offered by Syntor Fine Chemicals

We all use pharmaceutical chemicals in one way or another. For instance, they are contained in the detergents we use and the medicine we take. It’s therefore important to identify a reliable supplier of quality chemicals to use in the making of such products. With numerous suppliers promising to offer unmatched services, however in such important situations it’s important to ensure the company that you use is recommended and trusted as one of the best so look no further than Syntor Fine Chemicals. Here we have the most advanced equipment and machinery to ensure that you get the best quality chemicals for your agricultural or pharmaceutical use. You are sure to be delighted by our unparalleled services.

About our pharmaceutical chemicals

Whether you require fine chemicals, agrochemicals or pharmaceutical intermediates, Syntor can provide what you are looking for. We manufacture all our products within top of the range laboratories that are up to standard. We also ensure that high hygiene standards are maintained in full. Excellent pharmaceutical chemicals can only be made in the right set of regulated conditions. For instance, ingredients have to be put in their precise amounts along with levels of temperature and humidity also have to be accurate. Most firms try to speed up the process, producing substandard chemicals in the process. However, our in-house chemists ensure that all the right manufacturing conditions are met.

Purchasing our top-grade pharmaceutical chemicals allows you to have extremely potent products at your disposal. One of our main objectives is to leave a positive impact in our client’s lives. We strive to do this by offering the most outstanding pharmaceutical chemicals in existence. Being so experienced in this industry, we’ve earned excellent reputation among many customers. We’ve therefore maintained a high level of excellence in the way we offer our services. Therefore, the next time you’re looking for a dependable supplier to provide you incredible pharmaceutical chemicals, contact Syntor Fine Chemicals and we are sure to be able to help.

pharmaceutical chemicals

Each of our chemicals has a CAS number that is used for identification purposes. If you want to purchase a particular chemical, enter its specific CAS number on the search function located within our site. For instance, you can get Methacryloyl Chloride by searching its CAS number, 920-46-7. We also have Bis(2-Chliriethyl) Amine HCL which has a CAS number of 821-48-7. We have a vast assortment of pharmaceutical chemicals at our stores. In addition, we package and distribute our products to different parts of the globe. Our regional dealers assist us to market and distribute our remarkable chemicals in different countries.

In addition to offering quality pharmaceutical chemicals to our wide customer base, we also offer superb intermediate products on a remarkable contract basis. This deal is for those clients seeking to outsource production. This partnership involves delivering distinct products and chemicals which might not be included in our official product list. Contact us today to discuss your requirements.

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Syntor Fine Chemicals – What are Fine Chemicals?

What Are Fine Chemicals?

Fine chemicals are single, pure and complex chemicals that are only produced in small amounts by multipurpose plants.

Most manufacturing firms produce chemicals in bulk using standardized reactions. Fine chemicals on the other hand are produced by a limited number of companies.

These chemicals are used for special applications by manufacturing firms that make the following products: Pharmaceuticals, paint, petrochemical, adhesives and agricultural products.

Types of fine chemicals

They are divided into three main forms: biocides, active pharmaceutical ingredients and specialty chemicals. The chemicals are never sold in their natural state. They added substances such as uncreative pigments, excipients and solvents before.

  • Active pharmaceutical ingredients – They are then produced in varying doses as medical drugs.
  • Biocides are chemicals used to kill weeds and pests. They include pesticides and herbicides.
  • Specialty chemicals are used in various processes such as making ceramics, additive in plastics, glass and disinfectants or antioxidants.


Challenges in production

  • Unlike the manufacture of bulk chemicals, fine chemicals are hard to manufacture because they require specialized knowledge. Their chemistry also changes often thus there are always new developments that lead to a change in raw materials and even the processes required for their manufacture.
  • Due to their changing chemistry there are so many varieties in the market. This aspect also means that the manufacturing firms that produce them need to always be flexible. The changes in the chemistry are precipitated by the release of new drugs into the market whose formulation has changed.
  • Production of fine chemicals leads to release of high amounts of waste. This means that the manufacturing companies not only incur costs in manufacturing but also in waste disposal. This increases production cost.
  • Costs associated with training and getting the right people to manufacture the chemicals.
  • Government compliance regulations in regard to their manufacture.
  • Investments in safety protocols since most of the chemicals are produced from inflammable solvents.

Solutions to the challenges

Most manufacturing firms avoid having in-house fine chemical processing equipment because of the costs associated with production. They buy the fine chemicals from the manufacturers then use them to manufacture various commodities.

Choice of the right manufacturer

However, every manufacturing firm utilizes different chemicals thus there is a need to be able to get the right supplier.

  • One of the key considerations in getting the right supplier is the reputation of the supplier. The reputation of the supplier determines whether the supplier can be trusted to provide the right chemical processes. Customer testimonials and customer service interaction can be used to determine their reputation.
  • The longevity of the business – entrusting your chemical processing needs to a new entrant in the market can be detrimental to an organization. The problem is that the new entrant has no proven track record. The first thing every manufacturing firm needs to consider is the manufacturing capability of the outsourcing entity. It is good to know whether the entity has the right centrifuges, reactors and even storage capabilities.


If you would like to order any fine chemicals from us please click here for more details


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Manufacturers of Chloroalkylamines

The best manufacturers of Chloroalkylamines

The search for quality industrial and pharmaceutical chemicals can be quite a drag. Few companies around the world produce these chemicals. However, Syntor Fine Chemicals is here to obviate all your worries. Here, we offer an extended range of custom and toll manufacturing options employing our exceptional commercial production facilities in China and India. We also produce and supply a variety of Fine Chemicals and Intermediates. Most of our chemical products are usually stocked and sanctioned within the UK for legal distribution. These products include Chloroalkylamines, Cyclopropyl derivatives, Acid Chlorides and Friedel Crafts derivatives. They are normally used for a wide range of applications.
Our incredible products
Chloroalkylamines exist in varying forms, all of which are available at Syntor Fine Chemicals. They include Diethylaminoethyl Chloride Hydrochloride whose CAS number is 869-24-9, Diisopropylaminoethyl Chloride Hydrochloride which has a CAS number of 4261-68-1 and N, N-(Dimethylamino)ethyl Chloride Hydrochloride with CAS number 4584-46-7. Apart from these distinct Chloroalkylamines, we also produce Chloroethylamine HCL (CAS number 870-24-6) and N, N-Dimethylaminoisopropyl Chloride Hydrochloride (CAS number 4584-49-0). You can’t get these unique products anywhere else apart from Syntor Fine Chemicals. We manufacture these Chloroalkylamines in the most hygienic environments to prevent contamination. You therefore get the purest chemicals for industrial, agrochemical or pharmaceutical use.
At Syntor, our main aim is to provide unique service that’s tailored for all our diverse customers. We understand your persistent need for high-quality products and chemicals to aid in the synthesis of drugs, fertilizers and other essentials. Therefore, we’ve consistently continued forging lasting relationships with all our customers. In addition, we provide cost-effective solutions in a transparent manner. We highly utilize our multi-purpose production and exquisite technical expertise to offer you a remarkable range of services which include toll manufacturing and process development. Trust us to provide the best Chloroalkylamines, Acid chlorides and Cyclopropyl derivatives in town.
All our products are thoroughly tested and approved by all the appropriate bodies to ensure that they pass all the required quality checks. They are then dispatched straight from our main COMAH-registered facilities in the UK to other parts of the globe. We maintain the highest standards of quality and excellence during the production and distribution of our products. All our esteemed customers talk very highly of our unparalleled products and services. We have sales agents throughout the globe to ensure you get our products wherever you are.
We have numerous European agents in countries such as France, Germany, Spain, Austria and Switzerland. Our agents in North and South America are located in countries like the USA and Brazil. We also have Asian agents located in South Korea, India and Japan. You can get the official contacts of each agent from our website: Our experience personnel and representatives will gladly be at your beck and call. Alternatively, you can call our main office in Cheshire through +44(0)-1928-579865. Trust us to deliver the best Chloroalkylamines. We strive to deliver an exquisite service that upholds all the health, safety and environmental standards.

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Chemicals from Syntor

Some Chemicals from Syntor Fine Chemicals

Syntor specialises in the development and supply of Fine Chemicals, Intermediates and Speciality Chemicals to a range of sectors including the Pharmaceutical, Agrochemical, Aroma, Polymer, and Electronic industries. They have a wide range of chemicals and here we are looking at just a few they have available.



CAS No: 42399-49-5


Parameter Value
Appearance White to off-white powder
Assay 98.0% minimum
Melting Point 202-207°C
Water Content 0.5% maximum

Synonyms: Cis hydroxy lactam


1-(3-Chloropropyl)-4-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine hydrochloride  

CAS No: 52605-52-4


Parameter Value
Appearance White to off-white crystalline solid
Assay 97.0% minimum
Melting point range 199-203°C



CAS No: 460-00-4


Parameter Value
Appearance Clear colourless liquid
Assay 99.0% minimum
Impurities 0.5% maximum
Water content 0.1% maximum

Synonyms: 1-Fluoro-4-bromobenzene, 4-Fluoro-1-bromobenzene


Boc Glycine

CAS No: 4530-20-5


Parameter Value
Appearance White to off-white crystalline solid
Assay 99.0% minimum
Melting point range 87-89°C
Water content 0.5% maximum
Synonyms: N-tert-Butoxycarbonylglycine, 2-{[(tert-Butoxy)-carbonyl]-amino}-acetic acid

Syntor have a wide range of chemicals available for you. They can offer a range of standard products, and also work closely with customers who have outsourcing projects, and custom manufacturing processes. Utilising our facilities in India and China, we seek to provide cost effective manufacturing options to internationally recognised standards.

Their main products groups are:

  • Chloroalkylamines
  • Acid chlorides
  • Friedel Crafts derivatives
  • Cyclopropyl derivatives


Click here to see Syntor’s full list of chemicals they have available. Contact Syntor today to place your order or to find our more information.

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New product launch

Syntor has developed an intermediate used in the synthesis of Metopimazine, Methopromazine and Methotrimeprazine. The intermediate is 2-Methoxy phenothiazine (CAS: 1771-18-2). To find out more information, please contact our team.

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Chemspec Europe

Syntor will be attending Chemspec Europe in Basel, Switzerland on the 01st-02nd June 2016. We look forward to seeing you there.